The sprained ankle treatment (รักษา ข้อ เท้า พลิก which is the term in Thai) is a widespread pathology occurring in everyday life or during the practice of a sport. It is often banal (one speaks then of “strain”); however, it should not be neglected because of the possible recurrence, potentially painful after-effects, and the risk of instability.
What Is A Sprain?
A sprain is a stretch or tear of a ligament. A ligament is a kind of cable uniting two pieces of bone-forming a joint, thus stabilizing it.
A simple stretch or tear defines a mild sprain (or strain), a severe sprain rupture. It is a moderate sprain (significant stretching or affecting more than one ligament or rather a vital tear). The ankle is stabilized by an external ligament made up of 3 bundles and the internal ligament. The most common sprain is benign and involves one of the bundles of the external ligament.
How Do You Get A Sprain?
This varies greatly, from a simple misstep to a brutal landing during a parachute jump. Most often, the foot starts suddenly downwards and inwards, responsible for the damage to the external ligament.
What Are The Symptoms?
The pain is very variable, sometimes not felt, its intensity is not proportional to the severity. But in the majority of cases, the pain is significant. A cracking sound is sometimes perceived, a sign of rupture. A few hours later, when the ankle has cooled, the pain returns, and edema appears. A bruise may occur on the outer part of the ankle and foot, subsequently moving to the toes. Sometimes support is impossible.
What To Do In The Event Of A Suspected Sprain?
In case of ankle trauma, it is better to consult a doctor, who will decide only in some instances to take an x-ray. Indeed, in case of doubt during the consultation, it is better not to ignore a fracture of the ankle or the foot or even a tearing of the ligament through a bone fragment.